By Christopher Corèdon
An curiosity within the center a while frequently brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or purely imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that - even though one of these declare is necessarily rash. despite the fact that, it's been designed within the desire that it'll be of actual aid to non-academic readers, and sometimes perhaps even to experts. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of lifestyle. Latin was once the language of the church, legislation and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are usually present in glossy books of heritage of the interval; equally, the proper which means of previous English and heart English phrases may well elude cutting-edge reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that figuring out the beginning and evolution of a observe supplies a greater understanding....
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
After taking an oath; someone who was unfaithful. e. non-Christians, regardless of oath. This apostasy eliminated any scruple about waging war on the Saracens, for example. Apparitor [apparator]. The servant or officer of a court, ecclesiastical or civil, with the duty of summoning attendance; later an usher or *herald. The Latin word was taken and used in English without change. [< L apparitor = a civil, public, servant] – Cf. BEADLE Appellants. The name derives from the ‘appeal’ of treason against the friends of Richard II in parliament in 1387 made by the group of magnates who opposed the king.
Not until Copernicus (d. 1543) was it shown that the earth moved. Astronomical observation served the needs of astrology, and of navigation. – Cf. PRIMUM MOBILE Asylum. g. a church altar: a person seeking asylum could not be removed by force. [< Gk asulon = refuge] – Cf. ABJURE THE REALM; SANCTUARY Atheling. See ÆTHELING Atilt. The position in which a lance was held by a rider on horseback, tucked under the arm. Atonement. The state of being ‘at one’; unity and reconciliation between a person and God.
When used in the *ASC it was nearly always applied to members of the West Saxon royal family. [< OE æðeling = prince] – Cf. previous Affer. See AVER Affinity 1. *Canon law was strict in forbidding marriage between couples too closely related by marriage or by being a godparent. Such marriages could be rendered null by the Church. Thus, though a later instance, Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon was deemed null because she had allegedly been married to Henry’s brother, Arthur. When, in the 11c and 12c, the Latin affinitas was used it was this sense that was intended, not the second political sense found in the following entry.
A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon